Europe’s satellite-navigation system, Galileo, has suffered a major outage.
The network has been offline since Friday due to what has been described as a “technical incident related to its ground infrastructure”.
The problem means all receivers, such as the latest smartphone models, will not be picking up any useable timing or positional information.
These devices will be relying instead on the data coming from the American Global Positioning System (GPS).
And depending on the sat-nav chip they have installed, cell phones and other devices might also be making connections with the Russian (Glonass) and Chinese (Beidou) networks.
Galileo is still in a roll-out, or pilot phase, meaning it would not yet be expected to lead critical applications.
The European GNSS Agency (GSA) issued a notification on Thursday warning users that Galileo’s signals might become unreliable. An update was then sent out at 01:50 Central European Time on Friday to say that the service was out of use until further notice.
The GSA said: “Experts are working to restore the situation as soon as possible. An Anomaly Review Board has been immediately set up to analyse the exact root cause and to implement recovery actions.”
The specialist sat-nav publication Inside GNSS said sources were telling it that the problem lay with a fault at a Precise Timing Facility (PTF) in Italy. A PTF generates and curates the reference time against which all clocks in the Galileo system are checked and calibrated.
The function on Galileo satellites that picks up distress beacon messages for search and rescue is said to be unaffected by the outage.
What is Galileo?
- A project of the European Commission and the European Space Agency
- 24 satellites constitute a full system but it will also have spares in orbit
- 24 spacecraft are in orbit today; two more will launch next year
- Original budget was €3bn but will now cost more than three times that
- Works alongside the US GPS, Chinese Beidou and Russian Glonass systems
- Promises eventual real-time positioning down to a metre or less
Galileo is a multi-billion-euro project of the European Union and the European Space Agency. The EU owns the system, and Esa acts as the technical and procurement agent.
There are currently 22 operational satellites in orbit (another two are in space but in testing), with a further 12 under construction with industry. In addition to the spacecraft, Galileo relies on a complex ground infrastructure to control the network and monitor its performance.
Europe’s alternative to GPS went “live” with initial services in December 2016 after 17 years of development. The European Commission promotes Galileo as more than just a back-up service; it is touted also as being more accurate and more robust.
An outage across the entire network is therefore a matter of significant concern and no little embarrassment.
Since its launch in 1978, GPS has become integral to the functioning of all modern economies.
Usage goes far beyond just finding one’s way through an unfamiliar city. The system’s timing function has now become ubiquitous in many fields, including in the synchronisation of global financial transactions, telecommunications and energy networks.
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